Effects of Taping and Balance Exercises on Knee and Lower Extremity Function in Amateur Soccer Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial
By Human Kinetics Journals | 01 May 2019
Type:Randomized Controlled Trial
Sample Size:48
Outcome:Positive
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Context

Knee injury prevention is a critical aspect in sport rehabilitation sciences and taping is a widely used technique in this field. Nevertheless, the role and effectiveness of a long-term application of Kinesio Taping on knee function, disability and injury prevention remains unclear.

Objective

To determine the effect of Kinesio Taping, alone or in combination with balance exercises, on dynamic and static knee balance and flexibility.

Design

Randomized trial design.

Setting

University of Valencia (Spain).

Participants

48 male amateur soccer players.

Intervention

Participants were assigned to three groups: Sham KT (sKT) + BE; KT + BE; and KT in isolation. The intervention period lasted 4 weeks. Three evaluations were performed: at baseline (pre), at two weeks (mid) and at four weeks post-treatment (post).

Main outcome measures

Y-Balance Test (YBT), Unipedal Stance Test (UST), the Toe Touch Test (TTT) and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS).

Results

Both sKT + BE and KT + BE groups achieved significant pre-post improvements in SEBT, UST and TTT. The KT group only showed significant intra-group differences in the left and right UST variable (p<0.05, d=0.76, d=0.62 respectively). The sham KT group obtained the strongest results in all physical variables. Regarding the KOOS, pre-post significant changes were found in the sham group (p<0.05, d=0.28).

Conclusions

Both sham and real KT in combination with BE achieved significant improvements on all physical variables, and these differences were significantly greater compared to those found in the KT in isolation group, suggesting that benefits in knee function are due to the BE.

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